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江西专升本统考英语考试词组

[日期:2012-10-09]   来源:星原专升本  作者:星原专升本   阅读:4712次[字体: ]
1. Able ability enable capable be able to do能够做…
have the ability to do能够做,有能力做…:
He has the ability to make very good boat.
enable sb to do使…能做…:
Internet has enabled us to get information from all over the world.
Be capable of能够做…: He is capable of drawing oil painting.
He is able to read and write in English.
  2. Absent 反义词:present
  3. Abroad国外,海外: live ~ go ~
Many young people are eager to go abroad to study.
  4. Access: 入口,途径;机会,权利。Have access to sth
Citizens in the town all have access to the books in the local(当地的)library.
  5. Absorb 吸收 be absorbed in全神贯注于…
All the students are absorbed in Professor’s lecture on China’s economy.
  6. Accept接受 receive收到(不一定接受)
She received a gift from him, but she didn’t accept it.
  7. By accident=by chance 偶然地 on purpose 故意地
  8. According to 根据
According to the article, environmental pollution has been taken under control.
  9. Take… into account=take… into consideration 把…考虑在内
I hope my teacher will take into account my illness when he grades our test paper.
Account 描述
She gave an account of what he saw in China.
  10. Accuse sb of sth = charge sb with(for) sth 指责… 做了…;指控… 犯了…
He was accused of robbing the bank and sentenced ten years in gail.
His mother charged him with being lazy.
  11. Be accustomed to = be used to 习惯于 后接 sth或 doing sth
used to 过去有 过去常常 后接 do sth
Mr. Smith is not used/accustomed to driving on the right.
I’m already used to the life here.
There used to be a house near the river.
He used to get up while he was in the middle school.
  12. Achieve 获得,达到
You will achieve nothing if you waste your time this way.
  13. Adapt=adjust 适应 ~ adopt 收养;采用
You should adapt to college life as soon as possible.
He adjusted himself very quickly to the weather in the country.
  14. Add to 增添 add up to 总计达
  15. In addition(to)=besides 此外
In order to master a foreign language, we should learn some grammar. In addition, we’d better learn some words.
  16. Adequate=enough
  17. Admit 承认
He admitted him mistake at last.
  18. In advance 预先,提前
You should inform(通知) me in advance if you are going to come.
  19. Take advantage of = make use of 利用
We can take advantage of computer to analyze data.
A good habit in learning is to make full use of class time.
  20. Affect (v.) effect (n.) influence (v & n) 影响 effort 努力
have an effect/influence on对…有影响
make an effort to do或 make efforts to do
The latest discovery in gene will have a great effect on the health of human beings.
They made great efforts to find a new cure to lung cancer .
  21. Afford (to do) sth 买/花/用/支付得起
It’s hard to imagine how he can afford (to buy) a house on his small salary.
  22. Be afraid of 担心,害怕
  23. At the age of
  24. Agree with 同意
agree on 同意 (双方就…达成一致)
agree to 同意 (上级,父母对下级,晚辈允许…)
The two countries have agreed on the date for next talk.
My parents don’t agree to my staying outside overnight.
  25. Ahead of time 提前
We finished our assignment ahead of time.
  26. By air=by plane by sea= by ship by bus/train on foot
  27. After all 毕竟 above all 首先 (not…) at all 一点(也不) all over
  28. Allow/permit … to do… 允许…做…
  29. Although/though but 连词 不能同时用在句子中。
As连词 倒装句
in spite of/despite介词 不连接句子
Although he was seriously ill, he went on with the experiment.
Young as he is, he has already learned three foreign languages: English, French and Japanese.
Although he is young,he has already learned three foreign languages :English, French and Japanese.
In spite of/despite his illness, he went on with his experiment.
  30. Be angry with sb be angry at sth
  31. Apart from=besides除了….之外,还有….
=except除了…
No one knows what happened except mr. Smith.
He has a large collection of books besides CDs.
  32. Apply ( ~ for 申请 ) 应用
He has successfully applied for a position(职位) in the company.
  33. Appreciate 欣赏
感激(加动名词doing)
I really appreciate your coming to the party. 类似动词有:
enjoy, mind介意, avoid避免, escape逃避, can’t help禁不住, risk冒险, need=want需要
insist on 坚持
My hair needs cutting.
  34. Approve 赞成, 批准
  35. Argue with sb 与…争论
  36. Arise ~ from rise arouse raise
New problems will arise as the old ones have been solved.(出现)
Are there any things arising from last meeting? (源于)
His speech aroused little interest among the students.(引起,激起)
The company has raised the prices of its products.(提高)
The prices of goods rose day by day during the Spring Festival.(上升)
  37.Artificial 人工的,假的 ~ flowers
  38. As for 至于 as to 关于,至于 as if/though 似乎,好象
  39. Ask for 要求
  40. Attach importance to 重视
  41. Pay attention to重视 catch one’s attention 引起…注意/重视
  42. Available 可得/买到的
There is no ticket available.
  43. Average 平均 on( the ) ~
  44. Be aware of = realize 意识到 be sure 一定要,肯定
He apologized to us for the mistake as soon as he was aware of it.
Be sure not to be late for the meeting.
I’m sure the play will be a great success.
  45. Back up 支持
  46. Background 背景
  47. Base ~…on… 把…建立在…基础之上
His article is based on the research.
  48. Bear 忍受,容忍 同义词:
endure tolerate stand put up with
She cannot bear to see the child in pains.
  49. Do/try one’s best
He said he would try his best to carry out the plan.
  50. Because 连词:There will be no meeting because the manager will be on the vacation next week.
because of 介词: His wedding will be put off because of his father’s death.
  51. Best make the ~ of 很好地利用
  52. Had better do 最好 You’d better finish reading the book in this week, since I’m going to return it to the library.
would rather do 宁愿 I’d rather go there myself.
  53. Beyond 超出…
The professor’s lecture is beyond me/beyond my understanding (超出我的理解范围).
The apple on the tree is beyond my reach(够不着)。
  54. Both… and…两者都 either…or… 或者… 或者…
neither …. Nor…. 两者都不
  55. Be bound to do 注定…
You’re bound to succeed as long as(只要)you keep on trying.
  56. Break into闯入 break out 爆发 break through 突破
break up (关系等)破裂
  57. Catch one’s breath
  58. Call off=cancel 取消 call on=visit 拜访 call for 请求,号召
The resident called for the people to fight against the invaders.
  59. Care for 关心, 在乎 take care 保重 take care of=look after 照顾
  60. Carry on 继续 carry out 实施,执行
They decided to carry out the plan despite the opposition.
  61. Case 事实,实情;箱子;案例;病例
in case (of) 以防,万一 Take my umbrella in case it rains;.
In most cases 在大多数情况下
In no case 决不 in no way by no means
  62. Catch up with 赶上,保持一致 keep up with keep pace with
  63. (be) in charge of 掌管,负责
take charge of 掌管, 负责
charge… for… 开价,要价
The short man there is in charge of our company.
The hotel charges $100 for a double room.
  64. Challenge 挑战
  65. Change 零钱(n.),换零钱(v.)
  66. Comfort v.& n 安慰; 舒适,舒服
comfortable 舒服的, 舒适的
  67. Have … in common 有共同之处
Although they are twins they have little in common.
  68. Communicate 传播,交流
  69. Compare … to… 把… 比作….
compare … with … 把… 与… 相比
Poets like comparing their lovers to red roses.
Compared with brain, computer still has some shortcomings.
  70. Complain of/about 抱怨
  71. Be made up of 由…. 组成 be composed of consist of
  72. Concentrate on 集中注意力于 be engaged in
  73. As far as … be concerned 就… 而言
As far as wages are concerned, I’m very dissatisfied with the present job.
Concerning=about 关于
  74. Contribute 捐献 contribute to 有助于
Computers will contribute many conveniences to our work.
  75. Control out of control 失去控制 under ~ 在控制之下
  76. Convenient 方便,便利的
  77. Convince 使相信/信服 convince… of…
I’m convinced(=I believe) that where there is a will, there is a way.
He was not convinced of his wife’s guilty.
  78. Cope with deal with handle 处理,应付
  79. At the cost of 以…为代价 He saved the drown child at the cost of his own life.
at the risk of 冒着…危险…
cost spend
The overcoat cost him $200.
He spent $200 on (in buying) the overcoat.
  80. Count on depend on rely on 依靠,依赖
  81. Create 创造
  82. Custom 习俗 customs 海关
  83. Damage 损坏(部分) destroy 毁灭(全部) hurt 伤害
injure 受伤 ruin 摧毁 spoil 破坏(心情,兴致等)
Our holiday was spoiled buy the bad weather.
The earthquake has destroyed the city entirely.
  84. A good/great deal 许多,大量
  85. Degree 学位 程度=extent to some extent/degree 在某种程度上
  86. Demand order suggest propose insist 等后that 从句用虚拟语气(加动词原形)
The general ordered that the bridge (should) be repaired before daybreak.
  87. Deny 否认,拒绝(给予)
He denied breaking the window.
Women were denied the right to vote in the past in the U.S.
  88. In detail 详细地
He explained the question to us in ~.
  89. Devote …. To… 致力于
The scientist devoted the whole life to the study of chemistry.
  90. Do away with 废除 get rid of 摆脱 除掉
have … to do with 与… 有关
It has nothing to do with what you are talking about.
Do away with the law.
He managed to get rid of the man followed him.
  91. Drop in=drop by=visit
  92. Due 到期的 The book will be due next week.
(按计划,安排要)发生,到达的
What time will the next bus due?
The next meeting is due to be held in three months’ time.
due to =because of=owing to 因为,由于
His promotion is due to his hard working.
Due to the heavy rain, we have to give up the plan for the weekends.
  93. Economic 经济的 economical 节俭的
  94. Effective 有效的 efficient 效率高的
  95. Else 其它的 something ~ somebody ~
  96. In the end 最终(结果) at last 最后(经过很长时间)
I have finished the essay at last.
We were thinking of going to England, but in the end we went to the USA.
  97. Enjoy oneself=have a good time 玩的开心 help oneself 随便
  98. Establish=set up=found
  99. Evident=obvious=apparent 明显的 显而易见的
  100. For example=for instance
  101. Be exhausted=be tired out =be worn out 筋疲力尽的
  102. Exist 存在
  103. Expose 暴露 受影响
Being exposed to the sun for some time can do good to your health.
Many of today’s teenagers have been exposed too much to violence and sex.
  104. Face up to (勇敢)面对 be faced with 面临 encounter 面临
  105. In fact as a matter as a fact 实际上 事实上
  106. Be familiar with
  107. By far 非常,最(修饰比较级和最高级) so far 迄今为止(完成时态)
far from 远非(否定)
In my opinion, he is by far the most suitable one for the job.
He sent out a letter to apply for the job, but has received no answer so far.
My English is far from perfect.
  108. Fare 交通费 fee 费用 tuition 学费
  109. Favor do sb a favor 帮… 个忙 in favor of 赞成
I’m in favor of his suggestion that a power plant(电厂)be built.
Would you do me a favor to carry the box upstairs?
  110. Feel like doing sth would like to do sth 喜欢/想做….
  111. Field 田野,领域
  112. Fill in 填写 be filled with 充满
Would you like to fill in your address and telephone here?
  113. Fine 罚款
  114. Fire 解雇 catch fire 着火 set fire to 点火
  115. Focus… on…使集中,以…为中心
  116. Be fond of =like 喜欢
I’m fond of novels written by D.H Laurence.
  117.Look forward to 盼望
We are looking forward to your coming.
in general in short in a word on the whole 总的说来
  118. Generation gap 代沟
  120. Get on/get off 上/下车(船…) get on/ along with 和…相处
  121. Give in屈服,让步 give up 放弃 give off发出
The gas given off by automobiles is harmful to people’s health
Don’t give up until you succeed.
He gave in finally under the pressure.
  122. Go on to do sth 接着做(另一件事) go on doing sth 继续做(同一件事)
go on a diet节食 go over 复习
  123. Grant take… for granted 对…想当然,对…习以为常
We usually take it for granted that the government should work for the welfare (福利) of the people.
  124. Grow up 成长 grown-up 成年人
  125. Hand in 上交 hand in hand on one hand 一方面
on the other hand 另一方面
  126. Hardly 几乎不 hardly… when…=no sooner… than… 刚…. 就….
The town has changed so quickly that I can hardly recognize it .
Hardly had we reached home when it began raining.
  127. Do good to…对…有益 do harm to…对…有害
  128. Learn by heart 记住 lose heart 失去信心
  129. Can’t help doing sth 禁不住做…
She couldn’t help crying when she heard the news that her father passed away
  130. Hold hold back 控制住(感情等) hold up 阻止,妨碍
  131. In a hurry in no hurry
  132. Insist 从句用should do, should 可以省略
He insisted that we go there together。
相同用法的词:suggest, order, demand, propose…
  133. Instead instead of 代替,相反
I’m still wondering why he asked John for help instead of Tom。
  134. Intend to do 想要做
  135. Involve.. In..介入,卷入
I don’t want to be involved in their quarell.
  135. Be keen on 热心/热衷于
  136. Key/answer to a question solution to a problem (解决问题的)办法
  137. Late latest 最新的,最近的 later …以后 latter 后者,后半的
the latest news two years later=after two years
  138. Lay 放 置 laid laid
lie 躺 lay lain
说谎 lied lied
  139. Leave 把… 忘在… leave out 漏掉
I have left my keys at home.
  140. In light/view of 鉴于,由于
  141. Likely 可能的
It is likely that computer will come into every family in China in the near future.
  142. Live on 靠… 生活 earn one’s living 谋生
  143. Be located in =be situated in 位于
  144. As long as 只要 before long 不久 long before 很久以前
no longer 不再 long for 渴望
He is longing for the day he could go to the USA.
You are bound to succeed as long as you keep trying.
  145. Look after=take care of look down upon/on 看不起,look for 寻找
look into 调查 look up 查(字典)
  146.Be made up of=be composed of=be comprised of=consist of 由…组成
make for 朝… 走去
  147.Manage to do 设法做了… try to do 设法去做… try doing 试着做..
  148. Manner 方式,方法 way method means
manners 礼貌
  149. Many a 许多(谓语用第三人称单数) a great many 许多
Many a student in our class has seen the film more than three times.
  150. No matter how/ what/where/when/ who… 无论如何/什么/哪/何时/谁
  151. Take measures/steps/pains to do 采取措施…
  152. Keep/bear…in mind=remember make up one’s mind 决定
  153. Mistake by mistake 错误地 mistake….for… 把… 误当成….
I often mistake him for his twin brother.
  154. Moment the moment/minute 一…就… at the moment
He said he would inform me the moment he arrived Beijing.
  155. More or less 或多或少
  156. Mood 心情
be in the mood to do
I’m in no mood to read.
  157. Mutual 相互的,共同

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